Short Description
    EmailReader Attributes
    See also

    Short Description

    EmailReader reads a store of email messages, either locally from a delimited flat file, or on an external server.

    ComponentSame input metadataSorted inputsInputsOutputsJavaCTLAuto-propagated metadata


    When looking at ports, it is necessary for use-case scenarios to be understood. This component has the ability to read data from a local source, or an external server. The component decides which case to use based on whether there is an edge connected to the single input port.

    Case One: If an edge is attached to the input port, the component assumes that it will be reading data locally. In many cases, this edge will come from a FlatFileReader. In this case, a file can contain multiple email message bodies separated by a chosen delimiter and each message will be passed one by one into the EmailReader for parsing and processing.

    Case Two: If an edge is not connected to the input port, the component assumes that messages will be read from an external server. In this case, the user must enter related attributes, such as the server host and protocol parameters, as well as any relevant username and/or password.

    Port typeNumberRequiredDescriptionMetadata
    Input0For inputting email messages from a flat file.String field
    Output0The content portAny
    1The attachment portAny


    EmailReader does not propagate metadata.

    EmailReader has metadata templates on its output ports.

    Fields of the templates have to be mapped using the Field Mapping attribute. Otherwise, null values are sent out to output ports.

    Table 55.3. EmailReader_Message - Output port 0

    Field numberField nameData typeDescription
    1MessageIDstringMessage ID
    2FromstringSender of the message
    3TostringAddressee of the message
    4CcstringCopy sent to
    5SubjectstringEmail subject
    6DatestringEmail delivery date
    7BodystringEmail content

    Table 55.4. EmailReader_Attachment - Output port 1

    Field numberField nameData typeDescription
    1MessageIDstringMessage ID
    2ContentTypestringContent type of the attachment
    3CharsetstringCharacter set of the attachment
    4DispositionstringAttachment or inline
    5FilenamestringAttachment file name
    6AttachmentRawbyteEmail attachment as bytes
    7AttachmentFilestringPath to the downloaded attachment

    EmailReader Attributes

    The number of attributes which are required or not depends solely on the configuration of the component. See Ports: in Case Two, where the edge is not connected to the input port, more attributes are required in order to connect to the external server. At minimum, the user must choose a protocol and enter a hostname for the server. Usually, a username and password is also required.

    AttributeReqDescriptionPossible values
    Server Type Protocol utilized to connect to the mail server.IMAP (default) | POP3
    Server Name The hostname of the server.e.g.
    Server Port Specifies the port used to connect to an external server. If left blank, a default port will be used.Integers
    Security Specifies the security protocol used to connect to a server.None (default) | STARTTLS | SSL
    User Name The username to connect to a server (if authorization is required) 
    Password The password to connect to a server (if authorization is required) 
    Fetch Messages 

    Filters messages based on their status. The option ALL will read every message located on a server, regardless of its status. NEW fetches only messages that have not been read.

    NEW | ALL
    Field MappingYes

    Defines how parts of the email (standard and user-defined) will be mapped to Clover fields, see Mapping Fields.

    Source Folder Defines a source folder on a remote server. Use with IMAP only.e.g. INBOX
    Mark/Delete Messages Defines what to do with read messages. By default, messages are marked as read.mark as read (default) | no action | delete
    Max. Number of Messages 

    Defines the maximum number of messages to be downloaded. Any positive value defines the limit, negative value or 0 means unlimited.

    e.g. 50
    POP3 Cache File 

    Specifies the URL of a file used to keep track of which messages have been read. POP3 servers by default have no way of keeping track of read/unread messages. If you wish to fetch only unread messages, you must download all of the messages IDs from the server and then compare them with a list of message IDs that have already been read. Using this method, only the messages that do not appear in this list are actually downloaded, thus saving bandwidth. This file is simply a delimited text file storing the unique IDs of messages that have already been read. Even if ALL messages is chosen, the user should still provide a cache file, as it will be populated by the messages read. Note: the pop cache file is universal; it can be shared amongst many inboxes, or the user can choose to maintain a separate cache for different mailboxes.

    Additional JavaMail Properties 

    The component uses JavaMail library to read emails. This attribute can be used to specify additional configuration properties of JavaMail library to tweak its behavior, performance etc. See online documentation for properties relevant for IMAP and POP3. For the IMAP and POP3 properties use the correct prefix based on usage of SSL, e.g. mail.imap.timeout vs mail.imaps.timeout.

    Some properties of JavaMail library are overridden by the component by default. We increase values of mail.imap.fetchsize and mail.imaps.fetchsize for faster download of attachments. These properties can be also changed by this attribute, e.g. you can set mail.imaps.fetchsize to 5000000 for even faster download but larger memory footprint.



    EmailReader is a component suitable for reading of online or local email messages.

    This component parses email messages and writes their attributes out to two attached output ports. The first port, the content port, outputs relevant information about the email and body. The second port, the attachment port, writes information relevant to any attachments that the email contains.

    The content port will write one record per email message. The attachment port can write multiple records per email message; one record for each attachment it encounters.

    Mapping Fields

    If you edit the Field Mapping attribute, you will get Email to Clover Mapping dialog:

    Mapping to Clover fields in EmailReader

    Figure 55.14. Mapping to Clover fields in EmailReader

    In its two tabs - Message and Attachments - you map incoming email fields to Clover fields by dragging and dropping. You will see metadata fields in a particular tab only if a corresponding edge is connected and has metadata assigned. The first output port influences the Message tab, the second output port influences the Attachments tab.

    Buttons on the right hand side allow you to perform Auto mapping, Clear selected mapping or Cancel all mappings. Buttons on the left hand side add or remove user-defined fields.

    User-defined Fields

    User-defined Fields let you handle non-standardized email headers. Manually define a list of email header fields that should be populated from email message. For example, you can read additional email headers like Accept-Language, DKIM-Signature, Importance, In-Reply-To, Received, References, etc.

    See details on message headers at


    • Be sure you have dedicated enough memory to your Java Virtual Machine (JVM). Depending on the size of your message attachments (if you choose to read them), you may need to allocate up to 512 MB to CloverDX so that it may effectively process the data.

    Performance Bottlenecks

    • Quantity of messages to process from an external server EmailReader must connect to an external server, therefore you may reach bandwidth limitations. Processing a large number of messages which contain large attachments may bottleneck the application, waiting for the content to be downloaded. Use the NEW option whenever possible, and maintain a POP3 cache if using the POP3 protocol.


    Reading Emails
    Reading Attachments

    Reading Emails

    This example describes the basic usage of EmailReader component.

    Read the email of Adam Smith (email:, password: InquiryInto). Read all messages. The can be accessed via POP3 protocol.


    Create a graph with the EmailReader component, connect the first output port of EmailReader with another component, and configure the component:

    Server TypePOP3
    User Nameadam.smith
    Fetch MessagesALL
    Field MappingMessageID:=MessageID; From:=From; To:=To; Cc:=Cc; Subject:=Subject; Date:=Date; Body:=BodyAsText;|
    Mark/Delete Messagesno action
    POP3 Cache File${DATATMP_DIR}/pop3cache

    The POP3 Cache File must be in an existing directory.

    The Field Mapping can be defined on the Message tab of the Email to Clover Mapping dialog.

    Reading Attachments

    This example describes reading attachments and saving the files under their original names.

    Read attachments from the email of John Doe (, password: MyKittenName123) and store the files into the data-out directory. The mailbox is accessible via IMAP4 protocol.


    Create a graph containing EmailReader and FlatFileWriter. Connect the second output port of EmailReader with FlatFileWriter.

    In EmailReader, set the following attributes:

    Server TypeIMAP
    User Namejohn.doe
    Fetch MessagesALL
    Field Mapping|MessageID:=MessageID; ContentType:=ContentType; Charset:=Charset; Disposition:=Disposition; Filename:=Filename; AttachmentRaw:=AttachmentRaw; AttachmentFile:=AttachmentFile;
    Mark/Delete Messagesno action
    Max. Number of Messages0

    The Field Mapping in EmailReader can be configured on the Attachment tab of the Email to Clover Mapping dialog.

    In FlatFileWriter, set the following attributes:

    File URL${DATAOUT_DIR}/#
    Create directoriestrue
    Exclude fieldsMessageID;ContentType;Charset;Disposition;AttachmentFile;Filename
    Partition keyFilename
    Partition file tagKey file tag

    You should filter out null file names before writing. Use Filter.

    You should handle duplicated file names as well.


    VersionCompatibility Notice

    Auto mapping accessible via the Field mapping attribute is automatically performed when you first open this window.