Date Functions

List of functions
createDategetMinute
dateAddgetSecond
dateDiffgetMillisecond
extractDaterandomDate
extractTimetoday
getYearzeroDate
getMonthtrunc
getDaytruncDate
getHour 

When you work with a date, you may use functions that process dates.

In these functions, sometimes a format pattern of a date or any number must be defined. Also a locale and time zone can have an influence on their formatting.

[Note]Note

Remember that numeric and date formats are displayed using the system value Locale or Locale specified in the defaultProperties file, unless other Locale is explicitly specified. Similarly for Time zone.

For more information on how Locale and Time zone may be changed in the defaultProperties, see Chapter 18, Engine Configuration.

Here we provide the list of the functions:

createDate

date createDate(integer year, integer month, integer day);

date createDate(integer year, integer month, integer day, string timeZone);

date createDate(integer year, integer month, integer day, integer hour, integer minute, integer second);

date createDate(integer year, integer month, integer day, integer hour, integer minute, integer second, string timeZone);

date createDate(integer year, integer month, integer day, integer hour, integer minute, integer second, integer millisecond);

date createDate(integer year, integer month, integer day, integer hour, integer minute, integer second, integer millisecond, string timeZone);

The function createDate() creates a date using provided year, month (numbered from 1), day of month, hour, minute, second, millisecond and time zone.

If any of the above mentioned parameters is missing, value is set to zero. If the time zone is missing, the default time zone is used.

If one or more of specified parameters is null, the function fails.

Compatibility

The functions createDate(integer,integer,integer), createDate(integer,integer,integer,string), createDate(integer,integer,integer,integer,integer,integer), createDate(integer,integer,integer,integer,integer,integer,integer), createDate(integer,integer,integer,integer,integer,integer,string) and createDate(integer,integer,integer,integer,integer,integer,string) are available since CloverETL 3.5.0-M1.

Example 68.36. Usage of createDate

The function createDate(2013, 7, 31) returns a date corresponding to the 31 July 2013 0:00 using the default time zone. The summer/winter time is taken into account. For example, the expression returns 30 July 2013 22:00 GMT in time zone GMT+1 using the summer time.

The function createDate(2013, 10, 4, "GMT+3") returns 4 October 2013 0:00 GMT+3. It is the same as 3 October 2013 21:00 GMT+0.

The function createDate(2009, 2, 13, 23, 31, 30) returns 13 February 2009 23:31:30 in the default time zone. For example the expression corresponds to 13 February 2009 22:31:30 GMT if the default time zone is GMT+1.

The function createDate(2009, 2, 13, 23, 31, 30, "GMT-1") returns 14 February 2009 0:31:30 GMT.

The function createDate(2009, 2, 13, 23, 31, 30, 123) returns 13 February 2009 23:31:30.123 in the default time zone. For example the expression corresponds to 13 February 2009 22:31:30.123 GMT if the default time zone is GMT+1.

The function createDate(2009, 2, 13, 23, 31, 30, 124, "GMT-1") returns 14 February 2009 0:31:30.124 GMT


See also:  str2date

dateAdd

date dateAdd(date arg, long amount, unit timeunit);

The dateAdd() function adds a number of time units to the date and returns a new date.

Parameter arg is the date to which the number of time units is added.

Parameter amount defines the number of units to be added.

The unit parameter defines the unit of the second function parameter. The unit argument can be one of the following: year, month, week, day, hour, minute, second, millisec. The unit must be specified as a constant. It can neither be received through an edge nor set as a variable.

The function returns the new resulting date.

If one of the arguments is null, the function fails with an error.

Compatibility

The dateAdd(date,long,timeunit) function is available since CloverETL 3.0.0.

Example 68.37. Usage of dateAdd

Let us set up date d to 13 February 2009 23:31:30 GMT.

The function dateAdd(d, 1, year) returns 2010-02-13 23:31:30 GMT.

The function dateAdd(d, 1, month) returns 2009-03-13 23:31:30 GMT.

The function dateAdd(d, 1, day) returns 2009-02-14 23:31:30 GMT.

The czDate is 30.3.2014 00:00:00 in the time zone Europe/Prague.

The function dateAdd(czDate, 24, hour) returns 31.3.2014 01:00:00 CEST.

The function dateAdd(czDate, 1, day) returns 31.3.2014 00:00:00 CEST

The ukDate is 2014-03-30 00:20:00 in the time zone Europe/London.

The function dateAdd(ukDate, 41, minute) returns 2014-04 02:01:00 in the time zone Europe/London.

The function dateAdd(ukDate, 1, hour) returns 2014-03-30 02:20:00 in the time zone Europe/London.

The function dateAdd(ukDate, 1, day) returns 2014-03-31 00:20:00 in the time zone Europe/London.


See also:  createDate dateDiff

dateDiff

long dateDiff(date later, date earlier, unit timeunit);

The dateDiff() function returns the difference of two date variables in a specified time units.

The later and earlier parameters represent a later and earlier date respectively.

The difference of two dates is expressed in defined time units. The unit can be one of the following: year, month, week, day, hour, minute, second, millisec. The unit must be specified as a constant. It can be neither received through an edge nor set as variable.

[Important]Important

If the unit is hour, minute, second or millisec, it counts the difference in the same way as it would be measured using stopclock. If the unit is day, month or year, the difference affected by winter/summer time turn is calculated differently. See examples.

The result is a long number. The result of the function is truncated: two date variables with a difference of 40 hours yield a difference of 1 days.

If one of the given argument is null, the function fails with an error.

[Important]Important

Be aware that adjusting for the daylight saving time - winter/summer time affects the results of dateDiff().

Different countries switch between summer time and winter time on different days.

The function dateDiff() uses the time zone of your operating system.

Compatibility

The dateDiff(date,date,timeunit) function is available since CloverETL 3.0.0.

Example 68.38. Usage of dateDiff

The function dateDiff(2008-06-18, 2001-02-03, year) returns 7. But, dateDiff(2001-02-03, 2008-06-18, year) returns -7.

Let's call 2009-02-13 23:31:30 GMT+0 as d1 and 2011-01-10 20:12:33 as d2.

The function dateDiff(d2, d1, year) returns 1.

The function dateDiff(d2, d1, month) returns 22.

The function dateDiff(d2, d1, day) returns 695.

The variable L2 is 2014-03-30 02:01:00 in the time zone Europe/London. The variable L1 is 2014-03-30 00:59:00 in the time zone Europe/London. The function dateDiff(L2, L1, minute)returns 2.

Set 2014-03-30 00:15:00 with the time zone Europe/London as london1 and set 2014-03-30 02:15:00 with the same time zone as london2. The function dateDiff(london2, london1, hour) returns 1.

Set 2014-03-30 00:15:00 with the time zone America/New_York as ny1 and set 2014-03-30 02:15:00 with the same time zone as ny2. The function dateDiff(ny2, ny1, hour) returns 2.

Set 2014-02-10 10:15:00 with the time zone America/New_York as nyFeb10 and 2014-02-10 10:15:00 with the time zone Europe/London as ukFeb10. The function dateDiff(nyFeb10, ukFeb10, hour) returns 5.

Set 2014-03-10 10:15:00 with the time zone America/New_York as nyMar10 and 2014-03-10 10:15:00 with the time zone Europe/London as ukMar10. The function dateDiff(nyMar10, ukMar10, hour) returns 4.

Set 2014-03-08 12:14:16 with the time zone America/New_York as ny21 and 2014-03-09 12:14:16 with the same time zone as ny22.

The function dateDiff(ny22, ny21, millisec) returns 82800000.

The function dateDiff(ny22, ny21, second) returns 82800.

The function dateDiff(ny22, ny21, minute) returns 1380.

The function dateDiff(ny22, ny21, hour) returns 23.

The function dateDiff(ny22, ny21, day) returns 1 if processing runs on machine with the same time zone as the data (America/New_York). The function returns 0 if processing runs on machine with a different time zone (e.g. Europe/London). Time in the time zone Europe/London is turned on the different day than in time zones in US. If you would process data having the time zone America/New_York using the time zone America/Los_Angeles, you would get 0 or 1.


See also:  dateAdd, str2date

extractDate

date extractDate(date arg);

The extractDate function takes a date argument and returns only the information containing year, month, and day values. The function's argument is not modified by the return value.

If the input argument is null, the function returns null.

The default locale and default time zone are applied.

Compatibility

The extractDate(date) function is available since CloverETL 3.0.0.

Example 68.39. Usage of extractDate

Let's call 13 February 2009 23:31:30 GMT+0 as d.

The function extractDate(d) returns 2009-02-13 0:00:00 GMT+0 provided the default time zone is GMT+0. If the default time zone is GMT+1, the function will return 2009-02-14 0:00:00 GMT+1. (The result corresponds to 2009-02-13 23:00:00 GMT+0.)


See also:  extractTime, str2date

extractTime

date extractTime(date arg);

The extractTime() function takes a date argument and returns only the information containing hours, minutes, seconds, and milliseconds. The function's argument is not modified by the return value.

If the input argument is null, the function returns null.

The default locale and default time zone are applied.

Compatibility

The extractTime(date) function is available since CloverETL 3.0.0.

Example 68.40. Usage of extractTime

Let's call 13 February 2009 23:31:30 GMT+0 as d.

The function extractTime(d) returns 23:31:30 provided the default time zone is GMT+0. If the default time zone is GMT+1, the function will return 0:31:30.


See also:  extractDate str2date

getYear

integer getYear(date arg);

integer getYear(date arg, string timeZone);

The getYear() function returns the year of arg.

If the argument is null, the function returns null.

If the timeZone argument is null or the argument is missing, the function uses the default Time Zone.

Compatibility

The getYear(date) and getYear(date,string) functions are available since CloverETL 3.5.0-M1.

Example 68.41. Usage of getYear

Let's call 2011-01-01 1:05:00 GMT as d.

The function getYear(d) returns 2011. The default time zone is used.

The function getYear(d, "GMT+0") returns 2011.

the function getYear(d, "GMT-3") returns 2010. There have not been a midnight in the GMT-3 yet.


See also:  date2str, getMonth, getDay, getHour, getMinute, getSecond, getMillisecond, str2date

getMonth

integer getMonth(date arg);

integer getMonth(date arg, string timeZone);

The getMonth() function returns the month of the year (numbered from 1) of arg.

If the argument is null, the function returns null.

If the timeZone argument is null or the argument is missing, the function uses the default Time Zone.

Compatibility

The getMonth(date) and getMonth(date,string) functions are available since CloverETL 3.5.0-M1.

Example 68.42. Usage of getMonth

Let's call 2011-01-01 1:05:00 GMT as d.

The function getMonth(d) returns 1 provided the default time zone is GMT+1.

The function getMonth(d, "GMT+0") returns 1.

The function getMonth(d, "GMT-3") returns 12. There have not been a midnight in the GMT-3 yet.


See also:  date2str, getYear, getDay, getHour, getMinute, getSecond, getMillisecond, str2date

getDay

integer getDay(date arg);

integer getDay(date arg, string timeZone);

The getDay() function returns the day of the month of arg.

If the argument is null, the function returns null.

If the timeZone argument is null or the time zone argument is not present, the function uses the default Time Zone.

Compatibility

The getDay(date) and getDay(date,string) functions are available since CloverETL 3.5.0-M1.

Example 68.43. Usage of getDay

Let's call 2011-01-01 1:05:00 GMT as d.

The function getDay(d) returns 1 provided the default time zone is GMT+1.

The function getDay(d, "GMT+0") returns 1.

The function getDay(d, "GMT-3") returns 31. There have not been a midnight in the GMT-3 yet.


See also:  date2str, getYear, getMonth, getHour, getMinute, getSecond, getMillisecond, str2date

getHour

integer getHour(date arg);

integer getHour(date arg, string timeZone);

The getHour() function returns the hour of the day (24-hour clock) of arg.

If the argument is null, the function returns null. Otherwise the specified time zone is used.

If the timeZone argument is null, the function uses the default Time Zone.

Compatibility

The getHour(date) and getHour(date) functions are available since CloverETL 3.5.0-M1.

Example 68.44. Usage of getHour

Let's call 2011-01-01 1:05:00 GMT as d.

The function getHour(d) returns 2 provided the default time zone is GMT+1.

The function getHour(d, "GMT+0") returns 1.

The function getHour(d, "GMT-3") returns 22.


See also:  date2str, getYear, getMonth, getDay, getMinute, getSecond, getMillisecond, str2date

getMinute

integer getMinute(date arg);

integer getMinute(date arg, string timeZone);

The getMinute() function returns the minute of the hour of arg.

If the argument is null, the function returns null.

If the timeZone argument is null or the parameter is not present, the function uses the default Time Zone.

Compatibility

The getMinute(date) and getMinute(date,string) functions are available since CloverETL 3.5.0-M1.

Example 68.45. Usage of getMinute

Let's call 2011-01-01 1:05:00 GMT as d.

The function getMinute(d) returns 5, provided the default time zone is GMT+1.

The function getMinute(d, "GMT+0") returns 5.

the function getMinute(d, "GMT-9:30") returns 35.


See also:  date2str, getYear, getMonth, getDay, getHour, getSecond, getMillisecond, str2date

getSecond

integer getSecond(date arg);

integer getSecond(date arg, string timeZone);

The getSecond() function returns the second of the minute of arg.

If the argument is null, the function returns null.

If the timeZone argument is null or the argument in not present, the function uses the default Time Zone.

Compatibility

The getSecond(date) and getSecond(date,string) functions are available since CloverETL 3.5.0-M1.

Example 68.46. Usage of getSecond

Let's call 2011-01-01 1:05:02 GMT as d.

The function getSecond(d) returns 2.

The function getSecond(d, "GMT+0") returns 2.

the function getSecond(d, "GMT-4") returns 2.


See also:  date2str, getYear getMonth getDay getHour getMinute getMillisecond str2date

getMillisecond

integer getMillisecond(date arg);

integer getMillisecond(date arg, string timeZone);

The getMillisecond() function returns the millisecond of the second of arg.

If the argument is null, the function returns null.

If the timeZone argument is null or the parameter is not present, the function uses the default Time Zone.

Compatibility

The getMillisecond(date) and getMillisecond(date,string) functions are available since CloverETL 3.5.0-M1.

Example 68.47. Usage of getMillisecond

Let's call 2011-01-01 1:05:02.123 GMT as d.

The function getMillisecond(d) returns 123.

The function getMillisecond(d, "GMT+0") returns 123.

the function getMillisecond(d, "GMT-4") returns 123.


See also:  date2str, getYear, getMonth, getDay, getHour, getMinute, getSecond, str2date

randomDate

date randomDate(date startDate, date endDate);

date randomDate(long startDate, long endDate);

date randomDate(string startDate, string endDate, string format);

date randomDate(string startDate, string endDate, string format, string locale);

date randomDate(string startDate, string endDate, string format, string locale, string timeZone);

The randomDate() function returns a random date between startDate and endDate.

These resulting dates are generated at random for different records and different fields. They can be different for both records and fields. The return value can also be startDate or endDate. However, it cannot be the date before startDate nor after endDate.

If one of the given dates is null, the function fails with an error.

If the format is null or the function does not have the format parameter, the default value is used.

If the timezone is null or the function does not have the timezone parameter, the default Time Zone is used.

If the locale is null or the field is missing, the default Locale is used.

Compatibility

The randomDate(long,long), randomDate(date,date), randomDate(string,string,string,string) and randomDate(string,string,string) functions are available since CloverETL 3.0.0.

The function randomDate(string,string,string,string,string) is available since CloverETL 3.5.0-M1.

Example 68.48. Usage of randomDate

Let's call 2011-01-01 0:00:00 as date1 and 2012-01-01 0:00:00 as date2. The function randomDate(date1, date2) returns for example 2011-06-19.

The function randomDate(123456789000L, 1266103890000L) returns for example 2009-06-20.

The function randomDate("2011-11-11", "2012-12-12", "yyyy-MM-dd") returns for example 2012-09-01.

The function randomDate("10 octobre 2011", "11 novembre 2011", "dd MMMM yyyy", "fr.FR") returns for example 2011-10-14.

The function randomDate("2011-01-11", "2011-08-12", "yyyy-MM-dd", "en.US", "GMT-5") returns for example 2011-05-14.


See also:  random, randomBoolean, randomGaussian, randomInteger, randomLong, randomString, randomUUID, setRandomSeed

today

date today();

The today() function accepts no argument and returns current date and time.

Compatibility

The today() function is available since CloverETL 3.0.0.

Example 68.49. Usage of today

The today() function returns, for example, 2013-11-06 12:32:15 provided today is 6 November 2013 and the time is 12:32:15.


See also:  zeroDate

zeroDate

date zeroDate();

The zeroDate() function accepts no argument and returns 1.1.1970 0:00:00 GMT.

Compatibility

The zeroDate() function is available since CloverETL 3.0.0.

See also:  today

trunc

[Important]Important

The function trunc is deprecated. It returns a value and modifies the argument at the same time.

date trunc(date arg);

The trunc() function removes time from date.

The function takes one date argument and returns the date with the same year, month and day, but hour, minute, second and millisecond values are set to 0.

If the argument is null, the function fails with an error.

The function trunc modifies the input parameter.

Compatibility

The trunc(date) function is available since CloverETL 3.0.0.

See also:  extractDate, truncDate

truncDate

[Important]Important

The function truncDate is deprecated. It returns a value and modifies the argument at the same time.

date truncDate(date arg);

The truncDate() function returns a date with the same hour, minute, second and millisecond as the given date, but year is 1970, month and day values are set to 1. The 0 date is 1970-01-01.

If the given argument is null, the function fails with an error.

The function truncDate modifies the input parameter.

Compatibility

The function truncDate(date) is available since CloverETL 3.0.0.

See also:  extractTime, trunc